Connection

HttpConnection

Physical HTTP communication is encapsulated by HttpConnection interface. On send(), Jodd HTTP will open() connection if not already opened. Connections are created by the connection provider: HttpConnectionProvider. The default connection provider is socket-based and it always returns a new SocketHttpConnection instance - that simply wraps a Socket and opens it.

It is common to use custom HttpConnectionProvider, based on default implementation. For example, you may extend the SocketHttpConnectionProvider and override createSocket() method to return sockets from some pool, or sockets with a different timeout.

Alternatively, you may even provide an instance of HttpConnection directly, without any provider.

Socket

As said, default communication goes through the plain Socket. Since it is a common need to tweak socket behavior before sending data, here are two examples of how you can do it with Jodd TTP.

SocketHttpConnection

Since we know the default type of HttpConnection, we can simply get the instance after explicitly calling the open() and cast it:

HttpRequest request = HttpRequest.get()...;
request.open();
SocketHttpConnection httpConnection =
(SocketHttpConnection) request.httpConnection();
Socket socket = httpConnection.getSocket();
socket.setSoTimeout(1000);
...
HttpResponse response = request.send();

SocketHttpConnectionProvider

The other way is to use custom HttpConnectionProvider based on SocketHttpConnectionProvider. So you may create your own provider like this:

public class MyConnectionProvider extends SocketHttpConnectionProvider {
protected Socket createSocket(
SocketFactory socketFactory, String host, int port)
throws IOException {
Socket socket = super.createSocket(socketFactory, host, port);
socket.setSoTimeout(1000);
return socket;
}
}

Now you can use this provider directly in open() method:

HttpConnectionProvider connectionProvider = new MyConnectionProvider();
...
HttpRequest request = HttpRequest.get()...;
HttpResponse response = request.open(connectionProvider).send();

If you want your connection provider to be the default one for all your communication, just assign it to the JoddHttp.httpConnectionProvider and you can avoid the explicit open() usage.

Keep-Alive

By default, all connections are marked as closed, to keep servers happy. Jodd HTTP allows usage of permanent connections through 'keep-alive' mode. The HttpConnection is opened on the first request and then re-used in communication session; the socked is not opened again if not needed and therefore it is reused for several requests.

There are several ways how to do this. The easiest way is the following:

HttpRequest request = HttpRequest.get("http://jodd.org");
HttpResponse response = request.connectionKeepAlive(true).send();
​
// next request
request = HttpRequest.get("http://jodd.org/jodd.css");
response = request.keepAlive(response, true).send();
​
...
​
// last request
request = HttpRequest.get("http://jodd.org/jodd.png");
response = request.keepAlive(response, false).send();
​
// optionally
//response.close();

This example fires several requests over the same HttpConnection (i.e. the same socket). When in 'keep-alive' mode, HTTP continues using the existing connection, while paying attention to server responses. If the server explicitly requires a connection to be closed, HTTP will close it and then it will open a new connection to continue your session. You don't have to worry about this, just keep calling keepAlive() and it will magically do everything for you in the background. Just don't forget to pass false argument to the last call to indicate the server that is the last connection and that we want to close after receiving the last response. (if for some reasons the server does not respond correctly, you may close communication on the client-side with an explicit call to response.close()). One more thing - if a new connection has to be opened during this persistent session (when e.g. keep-alive max counter is finished or timeout expired) the same connection provider will be used as for the initial, first connection.

Proxy

HttpConnectionProvider also allows you to specify the proxy. Just provide the ProxyInfo instance with the information about the used proxy (type, address, port, username, password):

SocketHttpConnectionProvider s = new SocketHttpConnectionProvider();
s.useProxy(ProxyInfo.httpProxy("proxy_url", 1090, null, null));
​
HttpResponse response = HttpRequest
.get("http://jodd.org/")
.withConnectionProvider(s)
.send();

Jodd HTTP supports HTTP, SOCKS4, and SOCKE5 proxy types.

Parse from InputStreams

Both HttpRequest and HttpResponse have a method readFrom(InputStream). Basically, you can parse the input stream with these methods. This is, for example, how you can read the request on server-side.